HIV- AIDS UPDATE
In June 1981 Los Angeles doctors found a strange type of pneumonia, called Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, in five young gay men. PCP is a type of pneumonia caused by a microorganism that occurs naturally in the lungs of people and animals. Although the medical professionals knew that PCP was associated with a weakened immune system, the cause of this impaired immunity was a mystery. The patients died within days. That same summer, a New York Times article announced the appearance of a rapidly fatal form of a rare cancer that doctors had found in 41 homosexual men. A CBS newscaster also reported that this mysterious cancer seemed to be spreading only in the gay community. In 1985, the Center of Disease Control announced that it wasn’t a “gay cancer” after all causing all the disease and death, but rather a virus called Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV. The CDC also called the multitude of strange diseases the virus caused Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, or AIDS. It wasn’t until the disease claimed the life of a Hollywood celebrity that the threat of the virus was brought home to many Americans.