LGBT History: Maurice Hines
Out dancer, performer, choreographer and actor Maurice Hines has been in show business since he was five years old, which means almost 70 years in the game.
Hines is a New York City native and has seen and experienced a great deal of art and history in his time. He first performed alongside his brother, the legendary Gregory Hines. Later on he performed on television and in theaters across the country and in Europe as part of Hines, Hines & Dad.
He continued his success into adulthood. He made his big screen debut in Francis Ford Coppola’s The Cotton Club, as well as directing and choreographing musicals like Uptown… It’s Hot! and a national tours of Satchmo and Harlem Suite among others. He’s also recorded a couple of critically acclaimed jazz albums, Maurice: I’ve Never Been In Love Before” and To Nat ‘King’ Cole With Love.
So, for LGBT History Month, I reached out to the acclaimed and accomplished performer to talk about his journey as an artist. He discusses his perspective on life and the fascinating things he has seen and done along the way.
Did being immersed in show business affect your world view and what you were exposed to at an early age?
MH: That’s a good question. What I remember about it is I remember being extremely happy. Both my brother and myself were extremely happy. We were very lucky to get teachers that were like that. Henry LeTang discovered us and gave us an act to put together and got us to the Apollo Theater at a very young age. I think at nine and eleven (years old) was the first time we worked there with Dinah Washington. So, by that time, we just loved doing it. I asked my mother before she passed and she said, “There was something about it. You and Gregory loved doing it right away. You even loved the learning process even though it was more difficult for you.”
Gregory used to get things quicker than me. He would teach me and then he would forget the steps. And then I’d remember them and I would teach him. So we loved it from the beginning. That’s what I really remember about the early years, how fun it was. And it still is. Maybe because it was fun right from the beginning.
Maurice Hines was inspired by Lena Horne, Eartha Kitt, and Ella Fitzgerald
You started in tap but then progressed into singing, choreography and acting. Was that a natural evolution for you or was it something performers of that era had to do to stay competitive?
MH: We had to do everything. The main focus, at the time, when we started [was] as tap dancers. Then we saw Sammy Davis, Jr. at the Apollo. He sang. We used to sing around the house to records and stuff. But then people realized we could really sing. We really could do it. Then we became more versatile. But it was Sammy Davis, Jr. that really inspired us because he did everything. We saw him at the Apollo where all the African American stars played a lot. There was new show every week and we’d go and see these great performers.
We were inspired by the Lena Hornes and the Eartha Kitts, and the Ella Fitzgeralds. They all played the Apollo. We saw the greatest of the great. So we all wanted to do that. Everybody could do everything. Gregory and I never took any acting lessons. Gregory certainly did more acting than I did. There are just people who can do it. Gregory had a natural gift for it. We just wanted to do everything. We didn’t like the business end of it but we loved the actual performing. To get to the performing was the more difficult part and not a nice part, and it still isn’t. It’s rougher now than it ever was.
I evolved into choreography because we had a choreographer when we were the Hines Kids. And then we became Hines, Hines & Dad. The first time I choreographed something we were going to work the Americana Hotel. They had a nightclub in the Royal Box, and we wanted to do something different. We added two girls. And we wanted to do a modern dance section. Our choreographer couldn’t do it. So Gregory said to me ‘Maurice, you’ve been studying jazz, you do it.’ And I did. And I was good at it.
We really loved each other’s talent. He was a fabulous actor and as a choreographer. I started choreographing ballets. Alvin Ailey saw my work and said ‘Maurice you have the gift. Choreography is not just making up steps. Anybody can do that, but you have the gift.’ And coming from Alvin Ailey I almost fainted because I loved him so. He’s one of the great choreographers of all time. So, I became a choreographer and I’m really, really, really good. I know my stuff. And I love it.
“People don’t know how much [Sammy Davis] suffered breaking those doors down,” said Maurice Hines
You mentioned Sammy Davis Jr., a performer who broke down a lot of social and cultural barriers. Do you think you and your brother were at the forefront of helping to break those barriers or did you follow in the path Sammy helped to create?
MH: We walked through the doors he helped to break down. There’s no doubt about it. He suffered a lot. A lot of people don’t know how much he suffered breaking those doors down. We knew because we knew him. A lot of those artists did that. Lena Horne did that. Ella Fitzgerald did that. We had the great honor of knowing both of those ladies. We owe everything to them.
It’s sad that the kids these days really don’t know [what they did], and when you talk to them they don’t really have any interest. There are a lot of dancers even now who don’t know what Katherine Dunham did in the concert dance world. We were told we couldn’t do concert dance. We were just boogie woogie dancers, and the slings and arrows that she had to go through. In the school that I’m going to be running all that dance history will be there.
We loved dance because we were so young and we were experiencing those first signs of racism. And in dance it was very clear to us. Even though… nobody had to tell us that dancers had no racism. All they cared about is if you can dance. We weren’t exposed to a lot of racism — until later. Ballerinas say “I don’t care if he’s Black, White, Hispanic or Asian… can he partner? Can he throw me in the air? Can he catch me? That’s what dancers are about. That’s why I loved living in that world.
“I realized I was gay. But I didn’t have a word for it,” said Maurice Hines
That was also an era where peoples’ sexuality wasn’t talked about in the media or publicly. Behind the scenes, what that something that was known or did people not bring their sexuality up amongst their peers?
MH: No, no, no, no. There were no closets. I haven’t talked about it so much. I remember we worked in Miami with Cab Calloway. I was so young and quite a few of the chorus boys were gay. And my mother and father never had any stigma about it at all. And that’s the first time that I realized I was gay. But I didn’t have a word for it. And because we lived in a world of total acceptance, I never had a world for it. I was Maurice.
I wasn’t doing anything with anybody but I was discovering myself. My mother and father never said “Don’t do this” or “Don’t act that way.” There was never any of that. They accepted me for who I was — and they always did. And my brother too. We were around people that were so open about everything. There was no stigma about anything. It was a great life. I’ve had a great, great life with fantastic people who nurtured me to be the man I am today. I’m so grateful for that life and those people that we met so young, especially those chorus boys because they were out, baby. They didn’t hide nothing! They weren’t lewd or nasty about it. They were just themselves.
Do you think artistic communities are insulated from the often seismic shifts in social and political norms and perceptions of mainstream society?
MH: I think we’re insulated because show business is a fabulous world. I couldn’t imagine myself doing anything else. We are insulated. Although we know what’s going on and when we don’t like it we speak up. We are not afraid. I find when I was growing up people wanted us to be quiet about stuff. And Gregory and I came from another generation. Gregory and I were very outspoken. We both did things to hurt our careers. We talked about the racism on Broadway because it was there. We saw it, and experienced it. We asked why aren’t there any black choreographers on Broadway? Why is that? Among the dancers and other choreographers, they were upset about it, but they weren’t putting the shows on. The producers were, and there was racism among them.
With a career as long as yours, how much of a challenge is it to stay on top of your game and current in the world of dance?
MH: It’s very, very hard. Debbie Allen and I were talking about this the other day. You find your niche. That’s what I’m finding out now in this stage of my career. That’s what we have to find in order to give back what we have learned. Because they are not learning the same way we did, or learning what we did. They don’t have to be as versatile as we were. They do something on a video and people think they can dance. When they get with us and Debbie does a combination, or a step, they can’t do it. Not all of them, but a lot of them feel like they don’t have to train. That’s the mindset now. But you have to produce. So, you don’t say it mean. You encourage them to learn some ballet. Ballet gives you control of your body. Once you start telling them that, they start doing it.
For more information or Maurice Hines visit mauricehines.com. Writer Larry Nichols wrote this article as part of LGBT History Month.