How ‘Fear Street’ became queer street on Netflix

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"Fear Street" photo by Netflix

The director, openly gay writer, and non-binary star on the popular Fear Street series

Two women lying in bed talking
“Fear Street” photo by Netflix

Phil Graziadei, the openly gay screenwriter behind Netflix’s new queer-inclusive film trilogy based on spook master R.L. Stine’s classic Fear Street series, remembers those teen horror-fiction books well. And he definitely remembers them not being very gay.

Published first in 1989 with The New Girl, the Fear Street series focused on whodunit and paranormal events in the town of Shadyside, Ohio. The books weren’t short on sinister camp, but they definitely lacked any kind of blatantly queer representation.

That hasn’t stopped fans, as Graziadei notes, from cataloging “all the homoerotic undertones of each book” for years. In the ’90s, when Stine published bestselling Fear Street titles like “Truth or Dare” and “The Boy Next Door,” the LGBTQ community was more willing to accept queer crumbs.

But now it’s 2021. On Fear Street, bodies might be buried, but queerness shouldn’t be.

“One of the first conversations that I had with the producers about it was, ‘Why do we do this now?'” director Leigh Janiak says.

The answer came to them quickly: Shadyside, they decided, would be a town of outsiders, with a queer love story at the center. That queer couple would not only be the stars of the show—they’d be the heroes. They’d even have a better shot at surviving the terrifying events that unfold throughout each of the trilogy’s parts, which take place in 1994, 1978, and 1666.

“It was very clear to us very early on that we wanted to write this about queer leads,” says Graziadei. “Obviously, queer representation in horror movies has a long and complicated history, for the most part. We only see ourselves on screen as monsters or as victims. You know, maybe I don’t always want to be the monster. I don’t think that there’s a reason why the queer people always have to see themselves that way.”

The anthology kicks off with Fear Street Part 1: 1994, where we meet Deena Johnson (Kiana Madeira) and Sam Fraser (Olivia Scott Welch) as they’re experiencing a rift in their relationship. Sam is closeted and just moved to Sunnyvale with her mom—the town adjacent to Shadyside, where Deena lives, but nothing at all like the infamous setting for Fear Street. Sunnyvale is rich and white. No one gets murdered there. When pure evil is unleashed in Shadyside in the form of a witch who’s haunted the town for eons, Deena, Sam, and their cadre of friends go on a deathly voyage through time to solve a nightmare that has haunted the town for 300 years.

Welch says the queer love story is “very indicative of modern-day cinema and how it’s evolving, and how art is reflecting the elements of society that are becoming very inclusive and encouraging people to be themselves.” It was the “not so boxed in” quality of her and Madeira’s romantically involved characters that particularly appealed to her about Fear Street because, as she and Janiak note, the horror genre still has work to do when it comes to queer representation.

“I hope this is just the beginning of a brand new era in terms of seeing minorities represented in these kinds of roles,” Madeira says.

Four people around a table looking at a newspaper headline
“Fear Street” photo by Netflix

Janiak and Graziadei, the director-writer team behind 2014s indie creeper Honeymoon, were intentional about having Fear Street move the needle forward for LGBTQ representation in horror films. Within the heteronormative confines of the horror genre, seeing actual queer people who aren’t victims or villains has been a slow go, and Janiak says that even some of the most enduring horror films haven’t always best represented the LGBTQ community.

Janiak, who has directed two episodes of the Scream TV series, points to Wes Craven’s iconic Scream film, noting that, while an “amazing” horror movie, only white cisgender straight people led the cast. While Graziadei acknowledges some queer coding in Scream, Janiak said she thinks that queerness in contemporary horror should go beyond subtext. “Coding is different than being (fully) recognized,” she says.

Two women kneeling on the floor and looking scared
“Fear Street” photo by Netflix

That Fear Street goes beyond just gay vibes was one of the most exciting parts of starring in the summer camp-set Part Two: 1978 for non-binary actor Ryan Simpkins, who uses they/them pronouns. Even though the script didn’t identify Simpkins’ Alice character as gay, they believed from the onset that she was. “She’s so heavily queer coded,” Simpkins says, “and working through this character, I just kept coming back to that. And honestly trying to fight that impulse to be like, ‘I think Alice has maybe been in love with her best friend, Cindy.’ I kept trying to push that feeling away until I finally embraced it.”

While playing the role, the actor said they didn’t want Janiak or Emily Rudd, who plays Cindy, to invalidate her queer read on Alice. But after shooting, they did ask them how Alice identifies and whether Alice did indeed have a thing for Cindy. They were not wrong: “(Leigh and Emily) were like, ‘One-hundred percent, Alice and Cindy are gay.'”

Four people around a table looking at a newspaper headline
“Fear Street” photo by Netflix

Alice’s queerness aside, Simpkins says of Deena and Sam’s enduring queer love, “It’s so exciting to see a love story between two teenage girls being the main force behind a trilogy of studio movies. Like, that’s crazy, and it isn’t subtle. It’s very explicit. There’s an almost-sex scene!”

“It’s so rare to get these characters whose sexuality is not demonized and isn’t why they’re being punished,” Simpkins adds. “It’s their love for each other that makes them succeed.”

Women screaming and crawling away from someone
“Fear Street” photo by Netflix

A love that even R.L. Stine was seemingly rooting for. Janiak had conversations with the author throughout the trilogy’s development, who she said was “very supportive.” Graziadei also felt that support: “He’s very clearly been like, Fear Street is for everybody.”